C++ Program to Check Whether a Number can be Express as Sum of Two Prime Numbers

This program takes a positive integer from user and checks whether that number can be expressed as the sum of two prime numbers.

If the number can be expressed as sum of two prime numbers, the output shows the combination of the prime numbers.

To perform this task, a user-defined function is created to check prime number.


Example: Check Whether a Number can be Expressed as a Sum of Two Prime Numbers

#include 
using namespace std;

bool checkPrime(int n);

int main()
{
    int n, i;
    bool flag = false;

    cout << "Enter a positive  integer: ";
    cin >> n;

    for(i = 2; i <= n/2; ++i)
    {
        if (checkPrime(i))
        {
            if (checkPrime(n - i))
            {
                cout << n << " = " << i << " + " << n-i << endl;
                flag = true;
            }
        }
    }

    if (!flag)
      cout << n << " can't be expressed as sum of two prime numbers.";

    return 0;
}

// Check prime number
bool checkPrime(int n)
{
    int i;
    bool isPrime = true;

    for(i = 2; i <= n/2; ++i)
    {
        if(n % i == 0)
        {
            isPrime = false;
            break;
        }
    }

    return isPrime;
}

Output

Enter a positive integer: 34
34 = 3 + 31
34 = 5 + 29
34 = 11 + 23
34 = 17 + 17